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    Why is Philly So Dirty? The Litter Epidemic

    In honor of Earth Day, I wanted to dig deeper on one of Philadelphia’s larger sustainability problems: litter. Why is there so much of it? What do residents (and the city) think? Enjoy, and Happy Earth Day!

    Litter in Philadelphia - why is philly so dirty?
    Photo: Emily Leaman

    Let’s face it: our city has a notorious reputation for being dirty.

    Don’t believe me? Walk the streets of London for a few hours or ride the metro in DC. Return to Philly and compare. But when people talk about Philly being dirty, they’re often referring to our litter problem.

    Yet litter is such a large, debated topic. How do we combat litter? Do we concentrate efforts on educating people or cleanup efforts after the fact?

    Neighborhoods with litter tend to have higher crime rates, lower property values and less pride in the neighborhood. In order to get a more insight on Philly’s litter, I asked the City of Philadelphia, a few friends and associates about their experiences with trash in the city.

    Why is Philadelphia so dirty?

    We can blame litter on a variety of sources. Here’s a few reasons why litter accumulates:

    • The Litterer. I recall walking down South Street and seeing a man with a toddler walking by his side. He simply dropped his soda container onto the sidewalk like it was nothing. There’s instances of this happening across the city, from total apathy to cigarette smokers with butts. As Hawthorne resident Lauren Long commented, “South Street is filthy, because people who don’t live in the area come in on the weekends and throw trash on the ground. I’ve seen people drop full drinks, chicken wings, half of sandwiches. It’s honestly one of the most disgusting thing I’ve ever seen, and I can’t even comprehend throwing something on the ground.”
    • Accidental litterer. We can all be guilty of this: an occasional receipt floating out of your pocket or dropping a lip gloss tube when trying to get your keys out. Usually the accidental litterer doesn’t notice the mishap and carries on business as usual.
    • Trash day carnage. Trash day tends to have much litter floating around as either trash falls manually from the sanitation department workers. This past week I noticed several beer cans, a plastic bag and a few boxes leftover from what the garbage collection did NOT pick up. Sometimes the sanitation workers do have someone who picks up the flyaways, but not every time.
    • Insufficient trash receptacles. Not only does trash accumulate from sanitation workers, but residents not using sufficient trash bins and lids. As Philly renter Stephanie Johnson summed up, I am sick of people putting out paper Trader Joe’s bags that are over loaded with garbage on windy, rainy, or snowy days and within minutes the bags have turned over or disintegrated and their garbage is all over the sidewalk. Those bags are not stable and not designed to withstand the elements.” 
    • Skipped or late days. Many people complained this past winter when the Streets Department didn’t pick up trash, skipping a few neighborhoods for weeks due to snow removal. Some residents either didn’t hear the broadcasts or ignored it, as they left out their trash for a week instead of taking it back inside. Trash and recycling accumulates more when there’s a late pickup, as there’s more chance for wind, cars to carry the litter.
    • Plastic Bags. So lightweight, plastic bags become litter easily, ending up in streets, trees and under cars.
    • Disposables. Since there are no incentives to return or recycle disposable items (i.e. bottling fees), people have a mentality that these items are worthless. They don’t care what happens to the soda bottle once they drop it in a trashcan, recycle bin or ground.
    • Street Trash Cans & Big Bellies. Several neighborhoods actually have removed trashcans from their streets because residents will pile bags next to trashcans instead of waiting for their trash cans. Also, lack of trashcans throughout the city tempt people to throw their trash wherever – in a bush, etc.
    • Dog poop. Literally, people have placed plastic bags with dog poop on the street, which do not get picked up. (Dog owners, please throw it in a trashcan.)

    Between all of these different sources, litter is inevitable. But who is responsible for the cleanup? Does the city’s perspective align with our residents?

    Litter in Philadelphia: The city’s perspective

    We asked the City of Philadelphia’s Deputy Commissioner Donald Carlton a few questions from the city’s perspective.

    Green Philly Blog: Is litter the city’s responsibility, citizens or neighborhood committees?

    Donald Carlton: It is a shared responsibility between all parties. The City does what it can to clean and educate, but it is ultimately the responsibility of the citizens to live responsibility in their neighborhoods and maintain their neighborhoods on a daily basis to be litter free.

    GPB: What does the city do for litter prevention/cleanup? 

    Donald Carlton: “Attacking litter has to be a well rounded effort. We address litter from 3 angles, enforcement (SWEEP), cleaning efforts (PMBC), and programs to inspire and promote good behavior (UnLitter Us). We mechanically clean approximately 50,000 miles of city streets annually and remove approximately 15,000 tons of illegally dumped debris.

    We write over 140,000 citations for numerous quality of life issues, including litter. However, to be successful we cannot rely only on cleaning up behind visitors and citing residents. We strive to inspire Philadelphians to take responsibility for their actions and ownership of their block, specifically through the UnLitter Us program. UnLitter Us allows us to network with our residents and community based groups while promoting positive behavior. We hope to promote sustainability through positive interaction.”

    GPB: There are signs about streets sweepings weekly. Do any actually get swept? (Which ones?)

    Donald Carlton: Yes, the Streets Department provides mechanical cleaning along commercial corridors.

    Note: We have not received any further insight on how often or where the street sweeping occur, including any routes that are regularly swept.

    GPB: Can citizens call/tweet/etc if there’s litter on their street? What’s the extent that they can get help?

    Donald Carlton: The most appropriate action residents to do when they see litter is to pick it up themselves. If the items are large/bulk, residents can call 311 or Streets Dept. Customer Affairs Unit at 215-686-5560, or enter request at potholes.phila.gov. Once a report is made, a supervisor is sent to the location to investigate. Appropriate action is taken on whether to collect the items as illegal dumping, send an Enforcement Officer to cite and educate if possible, or both.

    Litter in Philadelphia: Resident’s perspective

    How does the average city resident compare to the city’s litter perceptions? Do they take as much ownership as the city would like them to?

    It’s a constant battle for many homeowners and renters alike.

    As South Philly homeowner and Be Well Philly Editor, Emily Leamen expressed, she’s frustrated with the constant trash swirling in front of her house:

    “I’d be happy to do my part — i.e. spot sweeping between formal street cleanings — but we don’t get any support from the neighborhood or city so it pretty much entirely falls on us, which is feels very defeating. Imagine coming home from work every single day and having to walk through a pile of trash just to get up your steps.”

    Litter in South Philly
    Photo: Emily Leaman

    Roxborough homeowner Natalie Ezdon echoes Leaman’s sentiment: she does her part, but can’t tackle it all and is discouraged at times. “I usually pick up other people’s trash, but sometimes I’m too angry and I just leave it on the ground. If no one else wants to pick it up, why should I bother…

    From my informal research, it appeared that renters feel an equal obligation to their neighborhoods, as well as the frustrations.

    West Philly renter Beth Cain is an active participant in cleanup efforts. “Living in Cedar Park I feel very fortunate, since I don’t encounter the South/North Philly levels (of trash) daily. I still feel obligated to pick up trash in front of my house, keep my sidewalk clean, encourage neighbors, etc. I’ve always been a trash picker upper, but there are neighborhoods that that just too heavily covered for a person to pitch in while walking.” 

    Bella Visa resident Angela Stockler echoes Ezdon’s apathy. Philly’s evolving up-and-coming neighborhoods blur sectional boundaries, contributing to where the litter is concentrated.  “Many of the problems stem from the fact that nice areas and not-so-nice areas are all right on top of each other. Those who choose to be disrespectful to the planet discard their trash into the streets and that eventually makes it to the neighborhoods where people do care. It is just too much to keep up with.”

    Overall, renters and owners both take ownership by picking up around them, but want more help from the city. Whether there’s too much litter, it’s dangerous/unsanitary to pick up or falls outside their realm of responsibilities, Philly residents are frustrated by the massive amounts of litter in the neighborhoods.

    Litter in Philly: Neighborhood Perspectives

    I recently attended a Bella Vista Beautification committee. They discussed different ways to tackle litter: getting business participation, hiring workers to sweep the streets, and others. However, neighborhoods often have fund their efforts by involving businesses, fundraisers or other means.

    Northern Liberties has an active community, from an online message board about neighborhood events to regular park cleanups and gatherings. Recently, Northern Liberties created Project Clean Streets, hiring “a small crew to sweep designated streets and problem areas once a week.”

    SOSNA (South of South Neighborhood Association) has also taken initiatives to improve their streets. In recent years, they purchased Big Belly Trash Compactors for the neighborhood with help of donations.

    Litter in Philly Versus Other Cities

    So how does Philly compare with litter to other cities?

    A recurring theme in the discussions about litter is that Philly is dirtier than other cities. As Cain, who grew up around Cleveland Ohio, said, “I had friend visiting a few months ago, making sure they saw the best of the best. When we got to the Italian Market, I was actually embarrassed by the trash stuffing the gutters.

    Philly resident Natalie Ezdon is finishing her Masters at NYU on Saturdays. Her experience, “NYC seems pretty clean to me.  Every Saturday morning I see NYC workers cleaning up trash along W. 3rd Street in the Village. By the time I walk along the same street in the afternoon, the streets are pristine.”  

    Beyond the US, Japan is notorious for its clean reputation. As Kelsey Gibbons said, “A colleague mentioned a recent trip to Japan, where he had found that the trains ran exactly on time, the streets were spotless, and everyone recycled with proper segregation. He attributed both things to cultural differences, the first being an impeccable sense of politeness, and the second being a large sense of pride in their community… There are very few public trash or recycling bins, as a sense of personal responsibility is emphasized, along with a “pack in, pack out” mentality. Their scarcity of land makes them incredibly conscious about generating waste.”

    Litter: Solutions?

    Philadelphia’s efforts for education,  Philadelphia More Beautiful Committee with block captains, and events like the Philly Spring Cleanup Day all contribute to public awareness of litter.

    How can we bring more awareness to personal obligations?

    One of my favorite anti-litter tactics came from Graduate Hospital resident Gibbons. “When I was at Drexel, I used to notice a lot of kids littering on campus, and I came up with a pretty effective shaming strategy. It usually happened on campus when there were groups of people around, and I would pick up whatever they had thrown on the ground, rush up to them and say very kindly “Oh my goodness, I’m so sorry, you just dropped this,” as if their littering was some grand mistake. And usually they were so embarrassed that they took it back, thanked me and hurried away.” 

    Yet regardless of how many public awareness campaigns, bus slogans and personal shaming we do, Philadelphia does have bigger fish to fry before ‘conquering’ litter. Can we fund private teams to pickup litter city-wide if we can’t fund our schools? Can we get everyone involved?

    As Gibbons sums up, “If someone doesn’t feel empowered to overcome their own life circumstances, they certainly won’t feel empowered enough to clean up their neighborhood. If you don’t feel a lot of pride in your surroundings, I imagine it would be very hard to find the motivation. And what is the greatest cure for poverty? Ah, yes…. education. It always seems like removing litter is such a simple thing, but it’s much more indicative of some deeper societal ills.”

    Readers, what do you think Philadelphia can do to help attack litter and improve our city’s reputation? Let us know in the comments.

    Julie Hancher

    About Julie Hancher

    Julie Hancher is Editor-in-Chief of Green Philly, sharing her expertise of all things sustainable in the city of brotherly love. She enjoys long walks in the park with local beer and greening her travels, cooking & cat, Sir Floofus Drake.

    Your thoughts . . .

    • Steve Reynolds

      i think it has to do with people attitude. you cant mandate responsibility or pride. i think philly is actually proud of being a little grimy and raw. when people have a vested interest and take pride in their surrounding they naturally want to take better care of it… when its already a shithole people lose hope. I think block parties and making gardens in aboandoned lots and invovling older generations… people may act ignorant and tough around their peers, but they would never disrespect their grandmothers… maybe a grandma coalition should be in charge of each block?

    • edupraz

      I live in Old City now, and the Old City District has people who clean up the streets daily. It is a huge reason why Old City is clean compared to other neighborhoods and something that I really appreciate as a resident and dog owner who spends a lot of time walking around my neighborhood. That said, trash does accumulate in some public areas, especially in some public parks, I’ve found. I try to do my part by picking up a stray piece of trash or two in the park when I pick up my dog’s poop (I figure, I’m already picking up one thing, may as well pick up a couple more pieces of trash and take them over to the trash can with my poop bag). I wish other people shared my attitude about doing our part to make the neighborhood a nice, healthy environment to live in!

    • The comments from the Streets Departments’ Donald Carlton are a bit of a joke. Two of the 3 angles he lists as the city’s proactive contribution to litter prevention/cleanup need to be reassessed big time. I’d really like to see some numbers on the purported success of PMBC and UnLitter Us. What IS UnLitter Us really? Lots of people want to know. So far as I can tell, it’s a PSA campaign, not a program. Big difference. Also, how far is its audience reach and is it primarily happening online or off? I saw a tweet in my feed from @UnLitterUs yesterday sharing a short video about Ray Gant. He’s amazing, so I clicked it. Out of curiosity, I also checked the view counts. It’s had just 318 views since it was posted six months ago on October 11, 2013. 318 is more than 1 but in a big city like Philadelphia, what is that number worth? At the end of the day, that just makes me wonder how much this campaign cost and if that money could have been better spent. The Streets Dept would need to show me some serious data to convince me of the success of any of these programs.

    • Thanks for sharing! The areas with paid workers tend to be cleaner, so it’s unfortunate that we can’t pay people in every neighborhood to clean up. (I’ve previously wondered if there’s some sort of way to incentivize unemployed people for cash rewards based off of how much trash they gather…).

      Thanks for helping when you can! 🙂

    • Good point… some people feel disconnected with their neighborhoods/where they live and don’t want to clean up. And yes, you should lead the ‘older generation’ brigade!

    • Thanks Emaleigh – great points. I do agree that there should be data to back up the programs. I’ve often wondered if the “UnLitter Us’ slogans on buses and train stations really impact anyone besides someone like me, obviously aware of the problems and campaigns. I’m curious what data DOES exist on these programs…

      I also think it’s interesting that the city seems to want the citizens to pick up the majority of the responsibility, while the citizens believe the majority should be on the city. With this disconnect, how can we progress?

    • Kristina Greene

      I can’t speak to Philly specifically since I don’t live there. What I see happening all around me is lack of personal responsibility for MANY things. Litter is just one of them. I completely agree with Gibbons “It always seems like removing litter is such a simple thing, but it’s much more indicative of some deeper societal ills.” Other cities may appear cleaner, but that might just be because the city is doing the cleaning. I can’t understand how someone can just throw something like a soda can on the ground. What are they thinking!? Our parks tried going to a “carry in carry out” policy. There were no trash can or recycle bins and park goers were expected to bring home whatever they brought in. Seems simple. It was a failure! People just threw their trash on the ground and complained about there being no trash cans. Some “helpers” tied plastic trash bags to the fences, right next to the carry in carry out signs!

    • Kelly O’Day

      Thanks Julie. Excellent discussion.. A few points:

      1. It’s a trash – pollution problem – people are trying to get rid of stuff that they don’t want any more: old tires, mattresses, construction debris, soda cans, candy wrappers. They are actually connected.
      2. Dumping by small contractors saves them $ at city’s expense. If they can dump on side street, they don’t have to pay tipping fee for proper disposal. Result, abandoned houses, vacant lots get worse and worse. As long as risk of getting caught is less that cost of proper disposal, dumping will continue.
      3. No trash cans in many areas – next time you are out in littered area, look for trash cans. You probably won’t see any, trash cans require routine pick-up which costs money. No trash cans mean litter which brings more litter which eventually requires City to clean up large mess.
      4. Being green starts with clean. Phila’s Green City, Clean Water’s program is not addressing major discharge of street litter into our creeks, Del River, Bay. Take a look at Tacony – Frankford Creek, it gets street litter from 1,000’s of NW Phila, No wonder it is so trash strewn. We need to expand GC,CW to Clean-Green City, Clean Waters.
      5. Philadelphia is not alone, I see an incredible amount of litter in Cheltenham.
      6. Plastic pollution is a gigantic long term environmental problem. A large fraction of Phila street litter is plastic. Much of it makes its way to the Atlantic Ocean.

      We need a mixed strategy of financial incentives (bottle & plastic bag fees, help for small contractors, tire store owners), additional resources for street cleaning, additional L&I enforcement of existing anti-litter codes, trash cans and routine pick-ups in high litter areas.

      Please keep up your discussion. We need a trash summit of interested activists to develop a comprehensive strategy to tackle this problem and use open data to track progress..

    • Jon

      One interesting perspective (written recently by a different Jon): http://thisoldcity.com/policy/whys-philly-so-dirty-blame-our-parking-politics

    • Thanks for sharing! I actually met the “other” Jon at Barcamp NewsInnovation the other day!

      Such a great point – parking is difficult for residents, so that is another mental “barrier”.

    • These are all excellent points! I just did an update today that other news orgs are covering this, so hopefully city council will try to enable some of these restrictions and help our city.

      IE… plastic bag legislation!! 😉

    • That’s insane, Kristina. It makes me so sad and upset when people just throw shit down. I also don’t think people consider the long term affects… If we totally trash an area (especially with chemicals), it gets into our water streams and ground, which we need for plants, food and sustaining ourselves. People often miss the connection and relationship between “the earth” and our necessities. The link is clear!!!

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    • Bob

      Philadelphia is one of the dirtiest cities in the WORLD. I took so many pictures that I want to publish somewhere. I will give a copy to the mayor Netter. He does nothing, he talks and talks but does nothing. I blame him this is his job. Safe and clean city that’s it.

    • Anna A

      I have wanted to clean up my street, but I am afraid of being heckled by someone. I don’t know what it is. It’s like cleaning up the street would be a foreign concept where I live (South Philly.) There is SO much trash around. Even the park nearby is wrecked. People leave tons of food waste their from their daily barbecues and then when I walk my dog, he wants to stick everything in his mouth. I can’t use teh park for all the trash. I try to keep my property clean and then more trash blows in two minutes later. I see people throwing trash on the ground like they don’t care. It’s extremely frustrating and angering.

    • Thanks for sharing, Anna. It can be intimidating to clean up the streets, but perhaps you’ll inspire others to help.

      We’ve definitely hosted a few cleanups where people have walked by and say “what’s the point? It’s going to get dirty again”, and had other cleanups where people have literally joined off the street to help. It’s against the norm, but hopefully you’ll help others notice that it Can be the norm.

      Keep us updated of your progress!

    • Glenn

      “If someone doesn’t feel empowered to overcome their own life circumstances, they certainly won’t feel empowered enough to clean up their neighborhood…” Cleaning up the neighborhood IS a part of overcoming their own life circumstances. So tired of this excuse…sorry I can’t help, I’m lacking empowerment.

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    • N37BU6 .

      It’s a cultural thing, and also generational. Americans are slobs now.

    • From the Center

      For one, other major cities have shifted to more containerization, automation, privatization, and pay-as-you-throw models. We still do it the old fashioned way, 3 people in a truck, manually. PHL doesn’t really do street sweeping so there’s that. It’s not a priority and we haven’t installed leadership in the Streets Department who are up to the challenge.

    • Larry Shaeffer

      In South of South (SOSNA) we’re getting tired of doing block clean-ups and seeing those same streets trashed within hours/days. So, our Clean and Green Committee started the Clean Block Program this spring (http://southofsouth.org/content/sosna-clean-block-campaign) to address the litter/trash stream systematically. Each component; trash day “carnage,” cornerstore sourced litter (clamshells, candy wrappers etc), stoop litter (menus, coupon circulars etc.), construction debris- all will have a specific campaign designed to reduce this litter at its source. We are building a network of Clean Block reps with well over 50 neighborhood blocks covered so far. These Clean Block reps will be asked to get them blue bins to those residents currently putting out recycables in paper bags. They’ll distribute “no flyer” stickers. And, The Clean Block reps will help organized their blocks to reduce the litter at its sources. We’ll have “interventions” at corner stores to work with them on getting the message out to their customers in a variety of ways to responsibly dispose of their food wrappers and maintain trash receptacles etc. Studies show that litter invites more littering so one of the most important parts of the program will be to recruit neighbors on each block to get out regularly in front of their houses and beyond to pick up litter (we’ll seek funding to buy trash grabbers for each block). Stayed tuned-the program is just getting started buy check back with SOSNA on how we’re doing. Larry Shaeffer larryshaeffer@gmail.com

    • Nacef Guess

      This problem has been around for years.
      One thing about the unlitter us programs, they don’t work. A huge add on the side of the bus is going to get ignored, just like all civil case lawyers, energy drink, local TV, and car adds. Living in the city gives you this sort of corrective vision where you learn to siftthrough adds by totally ignoring them, especially if you use the internet.
      Maybe it’s time for some negative reinforcement. Rather than attempting to educate through a useless medium, maybe the penalties for littering should be ramped up along with increased police activity.
      In our city you never see police outside of their cars unless they’re directly responding to a crime. We should maybe take a leaf out of Camden’s book and have police officers an ever present presence. They should be around not just responding to crimes and attacking kids on the bus, but talking with people, saying Hi, and being examples of how one should act.
      Maybe my dream is kind of utopian, but if it’s implemented correctly, it could lead to an increase in respect for police officers, a decrease in crime rate, and quite possibly a decrease in littering.
      Or it could create more problems and further marginalize blacks in their communities by having them believe the police is taking over their neighborhoods in addition to college campuses.

    • Andrew O’Hanlon

      Morals and values that simple… I’ve only been to Philadelphia once and it was the dirtiest place I’ve every seen… then again this was S.W. Philly near the University of Philadelphia…hmmmm

    • Mike Steele

      I live in the last white section of Atlantic City. It’s clean where i live. 1 block from the boardwalk and it’s a shit hole. Like Philly it’s 43% Black. 40% is the magic number. Any city that reaches 40% Black is the point of no return. Blacks are ghetto makers. No correlation here right?